If you are a woman that is turning 50 years old, your doctor has likely told you there are medical tests that you need to have done. These are important tests, as they check for cancer and other things, so make sure you follow your doctor's advice. Below is some information you should find helpful about two of these tests.
A colonoscopy screening is an internal exam of your large intestine (colon), as well as your rectum. The doctor uses an instrument called a colonoscopy. This instrument has a small camera that is attached to a flexible tube. This instrument reaches your entire length of colon.
This test is to check for polyps, ulcers, and inflammation or bleeding. The doctor takes tissue samples during the tests, and if they see any abnormal growths, they will remove them. A colonoscopy also tests for any precancerous and cancerous growth in the rectum or colon, which is known as polyps.
According to the American Cancer Society both men and women should have this test at age 50 and then every ten years. You may be put under sedation but it does depend on your doctor. Research has shown, however, that doctors can detect more polyps while the patient is sedated.
A mammogram is a breast exam taken by x-rays to check for pre-cancerous and cancer cells. This test is used to evaluate and detect breast changes. According to the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, you should have a mammogram every two years until you are 74.
When you go for your mammogram, you will stand in front of an x-ray machine that is specially made to do this test. A technologist will place your breast on a plate. There is also a top plate that will move down and flatten your breast. This holds your breast still while the x-ray is taken. You will likely feel some pain and/or pressure, but it goes away soon after the test is done. They will x-ray both of your breasts in this way, and then they will take another x-ray for a side view for each of your breasts. It is important that you get this test done, as according to the American Cancer Society, breast cancer is one of the most common cancers among women in the United States.
If you have more questions about these tests, talk with your doctor about them. They will also tell you about other tests you will need to have done.Share
22 January 2016
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